Dental implants are prostheses created to replace teeth that we have lost, able to integrate to the point of living together in a healthy and totally natural way with the rest of the tissues of the mouth. The implants are made of chemically pure titanium and act as substitutes for the dental roots, since after placing them inside the maxilla or mandible they serve so that, once osseointegrated, they give support to the crown or dental prosthesis.
98% of the implants are perfectly integrated into the bone after placement. And at age fifteen, around 90% continue to function properly. This places osseointegrated dental implants among the most reliable surgical techniques, which allow us to enjoy a healthy mouth and a beautiful smile despite losing our own teeth.
However, in recent years there has been a high frequency of disorders associated with peri-implant tissues that can lead to loss of the peri-implant bone and, finally, to the loss of the implant. The failure of a treatment with implants can happen in the initial stages if the implant is not integrated, usually due to infections or bad conditions of the patient’s health. Later, once the osseointegration is produced, the complications can be caused by misalignments or fractures of the prosthesis or the joining elements, or by infections. If these problems are detected early and corrected, the implant may remain healthy, otherwise it may be lost.
Also, keep in mind that the bacteria that usually populate the mouth are very effective at the time of adhering to the teeth, and even more so to the implants. Therefore, it is necessary to keep them in perfect condition by extreme oral hygiene and carrying out periodic reviews.
It is important to use specific brushes that help to prevent peri-implant mucositis and peri-implantitis, specially designed to mechanically disrupt the oral biofilm around the implants with maximum precision. We will complement the dental brushing with oral irrigators and mouthwashes, which drag the remains of food accumulated under the implants; and we will use interproximal silks, tapes or brushes to eliminate the oral biofilm from the spaces between teeth.
Advantages of implants
They allow to replace natural teeth with a similar stability.
They rehabilitate the mouth functionally and aesthetically with quality and precision.
They get the bone of the jaws to maintain its function and not lose volume by resorption, preventing the deterioration of tissues and the appearance of folds in the face.
They provide a chewing sensation similar to the natural one, being able to perform a chewing force similar to that obtained with the own dentition.
Aesthetically, the prosthesis on implants can go unnoticed by the naked eye and have a very natural appearance.