Caries is a multifactorial disease caused by demineralization or loss of tooth hardness. It is generated by the action of acids, produced by the dental biofilm that attacks and destroys both enamel and dentin, forming a cavity. The dental biofilm or bacterial plaque is a viscous layer that, if it is not removed, begins to obtain a certain hardness, presenting a whitish, yellowish or brown color; and it is deposited on natural or artificial teeth. The most immediate consequences are the loss of masticatory function and an unsightly appearance of the affected teeth.
Factors that propitiate it
Food intake with high content of sugar and carbonated drinks (soft drinks), due to the acids they contain.
A diet with the presence of fermentable carbohydrates conditions the appearance of caries.
Incorrect oral hygiene techniques (lack of dental brushing, inadequate toothpastes, absence of dental floss …).
Time is a fundamental factor. After each intake, the more time it takes for brushing, the more chances there are for the bacteria to attack and the acids to affect the tooth.
The composition of the dental anatomy causes some teeth to retain more or less dental biofilm, with the posterior teeth (molars and premolars) being the most susceptible to caries due to their morphology. Therefore it is necessary to brush them more thoroughly.
For inherited genetic susceptibility (there are people more prone to the formation of caries).
How to avoid cavities
It is important that after eating teeth are brushed to remove the dental biofilm, since the bacteria that are located on the plate use food waste to produce acids that cause tooth decay and gingivitis. Dental caries is considered a multifactorial disease resulting from the intervention of several elements, including teeth, saliva, diet, plaque and time. Thus, genetic, biological, social, behavioral and psychological factors that are related can be decisive actions for the creation of caries.